Article 1.5. RISKS DUE TO OTHER HAZARDS - annex 1 of machinery directive 2006/42/EC

The text in RED color is the amended or added text in comparison with the former 98/37/EC machinery directive.


1.5. RISKS DUE TO OTHER HAZARDS

1.5.1. Electricity supply

Where machinery has an electricity supply, it must be designed, constructed and equipped in such a way that all hazards of an electrical nature are or can be prevented.

The safety objectives set out in Directive 73/23/EEC shall apply to machinery. However, the obligations concerning conformity assessment and the placing on the market and/or putting into service of machinery with regard to electrical hazards are governed solely by this Directive.

Comment :

The new Directive 2006/42/EC specifically mentions the Low Voltage Directive (LVD). HOWEVER, it clearly states that "conformity assessment, ..." shall be done in accordance with the requirements of the Machinery Directive and not LVD. The "Low Voltage Directive - LVD" - is now replaced by Directive 2006/95/EC of 12 December 2006 - see Article 1: Scope 2 k)

Original Comment :

La nouvelle directive machines 2006/42/CE cite expressément la directive basse tension (DBT). TOUTEFOIS, elle précise bien  que « l’évaluation de la conformité, … » doit se faire conformément aux exigences de la directive machine et non pas de la DBT. La « Directive Basse tension – DBT » - est désormais remplacée par la directive 2006/95/CE du 12 décembre 2006 - Cf. Article premier : Champ d'application 2 k)

1.5.2. Static electricity

Machinery must be designed and constructed to prevent or limit the build-up of potentially dangerous electrostatic charges and/or be fitted with a discharging system.

1.5.3. Energy supply other than electricity

Where machinery is powered by source of energy other than electricity, it must be so designed, constructed and equipped as to avoid all potential risks associated with such sources of energy.

1.5.4. Errors of fitting

Errors likely to be made when fitting or refitting certain parts which could be a source of risk must be made impossible by the design and construction of such parts or, failing this, by information given on the parts themselves and/or their housings. The same information must be given on moving parts and/or their housings where the direction of movement needs to be known in order to avoid a risk.

Where necessary, the instructions must give further information on these risks.

Where a faulty connection can be the source of risk, incorrect connections must be made impossible by design or, failing this, by information given on the elements to be connected and, where appropriate, on the means of connection.

1.5.5. Extreme temperatures

Steps must be taken to eliminate any risk of injury arising from contact with or proximity to machinery parts or materials at high or very low temperatures.

The necessary steps must also be taken to avoid or protect against the risk of hot or very cold material being ejected.

1.5.6. Fire

Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to avoid any risk of fire or overheating posed by the machinery itself or by gases, liquids, dust, vapours or other substances produced or used by the machinery.

1.5.7. Explosion

Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to avoid any risk of explosion posed by the machinery itself or by gases, liquids, dust, vapours or other substances produced or used by the machinery.

Machinery must comply, as far as the risk of explosion due to its use in a potentially explosive atmosphere is concerned, with the provisions of the specific Community Directives.

Comment :

This chapter links (and also linked in the old machine directive 98/37/EC) with the ATEX Directive 94/9/EC. The link between risks and these two directives isprocessed mainly by EN 1127-1 standard.

Original Comment :

Ce chapitre fait (et faisait également dans le cadre de l’ancienne directive machine 98/37/CE) le lien avec la directive ATEX 94/9/CE. Le lien et les risques entre ces deux directives est traité principalement par la norme EN 1127-1.

1.5.8. Noise

Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that risks resulting from the emission of airborne noise are reduced to the lowest level, taking account of technical progress and the availability of means of reducing noise, in particular at source.

The level of noise emission may be assessed with reference to comparative emission data for similar machinery.

1.5.9. Vibrations

Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that risks resulting from vibrations produced by the machinery are reduced to the lowest level, taking account of technical progress and the availability of means of reducing vibration, in particular at source.

The level of vibration emission may be assessed with reference to comparative emission data for similar machinery.

1.5.10. Radiation

Undesirable radiation emissions from the machinery must be eliminated or be reduced to levels that do not have adverse effects on persons.

Any functional ionising radiation emissions must be limited to the lowest level which is sufficient for the proper functioning of the machinery during setting, operation and cleaning. Where a risk exists, the necessary protective measures must be taken.

Any functional non-ionising radiation emissions during setting, operation and cleaning must be limited to levels that do not have adverse effects on persons.

Comment :

The text of the former Machinery Directive 98/37/EC could be interpreted. The text of the new directive is more strict and defines that ionizing and non-ionizing radiations are now covered by the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC.

Original Comment :

Le texte de l’ancienne directive machines 98/37/CE pouvait être interprété. Le texte de la nouvelle directive est plus strict et définit que les rayonnements ionisants et non ionisants sont désormais couverts par la directive machines 2006/42/CE.

1.5.11. External radiation

Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that external radiation does not interfere with its operation.

1.5.12. Laser radiation

Where laser equipment is used, the following should be taken into account:

- laser equipment on machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to prevent any accidental radiation,

- laser equipment on machinery must be protected in such a way that effective radiation, radiation produced by reflection or diffusion and secondary radiation do not damage health,

- optical equipment for the observation or adjustment of laser equipment on machinery must be such that no health risk is created by laser radiation.

1.5.13. Emissions of hazardous materials and substances

Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that risks of inhalation, ingestion, contact with the skin, eyes and mucous membranes and penetration through the skin of hazardous materials and substances which it produces can be avoided.

Where a hazard cannot be eliminated, the machinery must be so equipped that hazardous materials and substances can be contained, evacuated, precipitated by water spraying, filtered or treated by another equally effective method.

Where the process is not totally enclosed during normal operation of the machinery, the devices for containment and/or evacuation must be situated in such a way as to have the maximum effect.

Comment :

The text of the former Machinery Directive 98/37/EC stated "gases, liquids, dust, vapors and other waste" and only defined that the capture and / or aspiration as a means of prevention / protection. The new machinery directive provides other means without limiting form of these emissions.

Original Comment :

Le texte de l’ancienne directive machines 98/37/CE précisait « gaz, liquides, poussières, vapeurs et autres déchets » et ne définissait que le captage et/ou l’aspiration comme moyen de prévention/protection. La nouvelle directive machines donne d’autres moyens sans limiter la forme de ces émissions.

1.5.14. Risk of being trapped in a machine

Machinery must be designed, constructed or fitted with a means of preventing a person from being enclosed within it or, if that is impossible, with a means of summoning help.

1.5.15. Risk of slipping, tripping or falling

Parts of the machinery where persons are liable to move about or stand must be designed and constructed in such a way as to prevent persons slipping, tripping or falling on or off these parts.

Where appropriate, these parts must be fitted with handholds that are fixed relative to the user and that enable them to maintain their stability.

1.5.16. Lightning

Machinery in need of protection against the effects of lightning while being used must be fitted with a system for conducting the resultant electrical charge to earth.

Original Comment :

The text of the former Machinery Directive 98/37/EC was limited to the possibility of lightning in lifting machinery. This risk must now be integrated into the risk analysis of all machines.

Original Comment :

Le texte de l’ancienne directive machines 98/37/CE limitait le risque de foudre aux machines de levage. Ce risque doit désormais être intégré à l’analyse de risque de toutes les machines.