articles of machinery directive 1989/392/EEC

CHAPTER I : SCOPE, PLACING ON THE MARKET AND FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT

Article 1

1. This Directive applies to machinery and lays down the essential health and safety requirements therefor, as defined in Annex I.

2. For the purposes of this Directive, 'machinery' means

an assembly of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves, with the appropriate actuators, control and power circuits, etc., joined together for a specific application, in particular for the processing, treatment, moving or packaging of a material.

The term 'machinery' also covers an assembly of machines which, in order to achieve the same end, are arranged and controlled so that they function as an integral whole.

3. The following are excluded from the scope of this Directive:

- mobile equipment,

- lifting equipment,

- machinery whose only power source is directly applied manual effort,

- machinery for medical use used in direct contact with patients,

- special equipment for use in fairgrounds and/or amusement parks,

- steam boilers, tanks and pressure vessels,

- machinery specially designed or put into service for nuclear purposes which, in the event of failure, may result in an emission of radioactivity,

- radioactive sources forming part of a machine,

- firearms,

- storage tanks and pipelines for petrol, diesel fuel, inflammable liquids and dangerous substances.

4. Where, for machinery, the risks referred to in this Directive are wholly or partly covered by specific Community Directives, this Directive shall not apply, or shall cease to apply, in the case of such machinery and of such risks on the entry into force of these specific Directives.

5. Where, for machinery, the risks are mainly of electrical origin, such machinery shall be covered exclusively by Council Directive 73/23/EEC of 19 February 1973 on the harmonization of the laws of the Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits (6).

Article 2

1. Member States shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that machinery covered by this Directive may be placed on the market and put into service only if it does not endanger the health or safety of persons and, where appropriate, domestic animals or property, when properly installed and maintained and used for its intended purpose.

2. The provisions of this Directive shall not affect Member States' entitlement to lay down, in due observance of the Treaty, such requirements as they may deem necessary to ensure that persons and in particular workers are protected when using the machines in question, provided that this does not mean that the machinery is modified in a way not specified in the Directive.

3. At trade fairs, exhibitions, demonstrations, etc., Member States shall not prevent the showing of machinery which does not conform to the provisions of this Directive, provided that a visible sign clearly indicates that such machinery does not conform and that it is not for sale until it has been brought into conformity by the manufacturer or his authorized representative established in the Community. During demonstrations, adequate safety measures shall be taken to ensure the protection of persons.

Article 3

Machinery covered by this Directive shall satisfy the essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex I.

Article 4

1. Member States shall not prohibit, restrict or impede the placing on the market and putting into service in their territory of machinery which complies with the provisions of this Directive.

2. Member States shall not prohibit, restrict or impede the placing on the market of machinery where the manufacturer or his authorized representative established in the Community declares in accordance with Annex II.B that it is intended to be incorporated into machinery or assembled with other machinery to constitute machinery covered by this Directive except where it can function independently.

Article 5

1. Member States shall regard machinery bearing the EC mark and accompanied by the EC declaration of conformity referred to in Annex II as conforming to the essential health and safety requirements referred to in Article 3.

In the absence of harmonized standards, Member States shall take any steps they deem necessary to bring to the attention of the parties concerned the existing national technical standards and specifications which are regarded as important or relevant to the proper implementation of the essential safety and health requirements in Annex I.

2. Where a national standard transposing a harmonized standard, the reference for which has been published in the Official Journal of the European Communities, covers one or more of the essential safety requirements, machinery constructed in accordance with this standard shall be presumed to comply with the relevant essential requirements.

Member States shall publish the references of national standards transposing harmonized standards.

3. Member States shall ensure that appropriate measures are taken to enable the social partners to have an influence at national level on the process of preparing and monitoring the harmonized standards.

Article 6

1. Where a Member State or the Commission considers that the harmonized standards referred to in Article 5 (2) do not entirely satisfy the essential requirements referred to in Article 3, the Commission or the Member State concerned shall bring the matter before the Committee set up under Directive 83/189/EEC, giving the reasons therefor. The Committee shall deliver an opinion without delay.

Upon receipt of the Committee's opinion, the Commission shall inform the Member States whether or not it is necessary to withdraw those standards from the published information referred to in Article 5 (2).

2. A standing committee shall be set up, consisting of representatives appointed by the Member States and chaired by a representative of the Commission.

The standing committee shall draw up its own rules of procedure.

Any matter relating to the implementation and practical application of this Directive may be brought before the standing committee, in accordance with the following procedure:

The representative of the Commission shall submit to the committee a draft of the measures to be taken. The committee shall deliver its opinion on the draft, within a time limit which the chairman may lay down according to the urgency of the matter, if necessary by taking a vote.

The opinion shall be recorded in the minutes; in addition, each Member State shall have the right to ask to have its position recorded in the minutes.

The Commission shall take the utmost account of the opinion delivered by the committee. It shall inform the committee of the manner in which its opinion has been taken into account.

Article 7

1. Where a Member State ascertains that machinery bearing the EC mark and used in accordance with its

intended purpose is liable to endanger the safety of persons, and, where appropriate, domestic animals or property, it shall take all appropriate measures to withdraw such machinery from the market, to prohibit the placing on the market, putting into service or use thereof, or to restrict free movement thereof.

The Member State shall immediately inform the Commission of any such measure, indicating the reasons for its decision and, in particular, whether non-conformity is due to:

(a) failure to satisfy the essential requirements referred to in Article 3;

(b) incorrect application of the standards referred to in Article 5 (2);

(c) shortcomings in the standards referred to in Article 5 (2) themselves.

2. The Commission shall enter into consultation with the parties concerned without delay. Where the Commission considers, after this consultation, that the measure is justified, it shall immediately so inform the Member State which took the initiative and the other Member States. Where the Commission considers, after this consultation, that the action is unjustified, it shall immediately so inform the Member State which took the initiative and the manufacturer or his authorized representative established within the Community. Where the decision referred to in paragraph 1 is based on a shortcoming in the standards, and where the Member State at the origin of the decision maintains its position, the Commission shall immediately inform the Committee in order to initiate the procedures referred to in Article 6 (1).

3. Where machinery which does not comply bears the EC mark, the competent Member State shall take appropriate action against whomsoever has affixed the mark and shall so inform the Commission and the other Member States.

4. The Commission shall ensure that the Member States are kept informed of the progress and outcome of this procedure.

CHAPTER II : CERTIFICATION PROCEDURE

Article 8

1. The manufacturer, or his authorized representative established in the Community, shall, in order to certify the conformity of machinery with the provisions of this Directive, draw up an EC declaration of conformity based on the model given in Annex II for each machine manufactured and shall affix to the machinery the EC mark referred to in Article 10.

2. Before placing on the market, the manufacturer, or his authorized representative established in the Community, shall:

(a) if the machinery is not referred to in Annex IV, draw up the file provided for in Annex V;

(b) if the machinery is referred to in Annex IV and its manufacturer does not comply, or only partly complies, with the standards referred to in Article 5 (2) or if there are no such standards, submit an example of the machinery for the EC type-examination referred to in Annex VI;

(c) if the machinery is referred to in Annex IV and is manufactured in accordance with the standards referred to in Article 5 (2):

- either draw up the file referred to in Annex VI and forward it to a notified body, which will acknowledge receipt of the file as soon as possible and keep it,

- submit the file referred to in Annex VI to the notified body, which will simply verify that the standards referred to in Article 5 (2) have been correctly applied and will draw up a certificate of adequacy for the file,

- or submit the example of the machinery for the EC type-exmination referred to in Annex VI.

3. Where the first indent of paragraph 2 (c) applies, the provisions of the first sentence of paragraph 5 and paragraph 7 of Annex VI shall also apply.

Where the second indent of 2 (c) applies, the provisions of paragraphs 5, 6 and 7 of Annex VI shall also apply.

4. Where paragraph 2 (a) and the first and second indents of paragraph 2 (c) apply, the EC declaration of conformity shall solely state conformity with the essential requirements of the Directive.

Where paragraph 2 (b) and (c) apply, the EC declaration of conformity shall state conformity with the example that underwent EC type-examination.

5. Where the machinery is subject to other Community Directives concerning other aspects, the EC mark referred to in Article 10 shall indicate in these cases that the machinery also fulfils the requirements of the other Directives.

6. Where neither the manufacturer nor his authorized representative established in the Community fulfils the obligations of the preceding paragraphs, these obligations shall fall to any person placing the machinery on the market in the Community. The same obligations shall apply to any person assembling machinery or parts thereof of various origins or constructing machinery for his own use.

Article 9

1. Each Member State shall notify the Commission and the other Member States of the approved bodies responsible for carrying out the certification procedures referred to in Article 8 (2) (b) and (c). The Commission shall publish a list of these bodies in the Official Journal of the European Communities for information and shall ensure that the list is kept up to date.

2. Member States shall apply the criteria laid down in Annex VII in assessing the bodies to be indicated in such notification. Bodies meeting the assessment criteria laid down in the relevant harmonized standards shall be presumed to fulfil those criteria.

3. A Member State which has approved a body must withdraw its notification if it finds that the body no longer meets the criteria referred to in Annex VII. It shall immediately inform the Commission and the other Member States accordingly.

CHAPTER III : EC MARK

Article 10

1. The 'EC' mark shall consist of the EC symbol followed by the last two digits of the year in which the mark was affixed.

Annex III shows the model to be used.

2. The EC mark shall be affixed to machinery distinctly and visibly in accordance with point 1.7.3 of Annex I.

3. Marks or inscriptions liable to be confused with the EC mark shall not be put on machinery.CHAPTER IV

FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 11

Any decision taken pursuant to this Directive which restricts the marketing and putting into service of machinery shall state the exact grounds on which it is based. Such a decision shall be notified as soon as possible to the party concerned, who shall at the same time be informed of the legal remedies available to him under the laws in force in the Member State concerned and of the time limits to which such remedies are subject.

Article 12

The Commission will take the necessary steps to have information on all the relevant decisions relating to the management of this Directive made available.

Article 13

1. Member States shall adopt and publish the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary in order to comply with this Directive by 1 January 1992 at the latest. They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof.

They shall apply these provisions with effect from 31 December 1992.

2. Member States shall ensure that the texts of the provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive are communicated to the Commission.

Article 14

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Luxembourg, 14 June 1989.

For the Council

The President

P. SOLBES