machinery directive 2006/42/EC

The new Directive 2006/42/EC is applicable to machines since 29 December 2009. If you are manufacturers of machinery, partly completed machines, safety components, what are the procedures that will apply during the certification of your products?
For each item and requirements of the Machinery Directive, this site:

  1. Identifies the changes between the requirements of the Machinery Directive 1998/37/EC and 2006/42/EC

  2. For the Machinery Directive and in order to integrate the knowledge already acquired by some manufacturers, the text highlights the new requirements of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC by identifying in red the passages subject to changes and provides a commentary on the points that are likely to be confused with references to other links leading by example the list of harmonized standards, the RfU

  3. Comment the different requirements of the Machinery Directive from several official sources published or being published mainly from the European Commission or other regulatory organisms or European standardization bodies. These comments refer to the preamble, the statutory provisions set out in the articles, the essential health and safety requirements and on the various annexes of the Directive and in particular on the rules and requirements to be met by manufacturers of machinery and safety components.

It also allows users of machinery and safety components to know whether if the products they buy and implement meet the requirements and rules under the European Union (mainly standards) and if they are not in breach because of misuse or diverted use of machines.

These comments also include links to reference documents giving presumption of conformity with the essential requirements of the Machinery Directive. This allows OEMs to know if their machines always conform to the regulations and also this allows users to know if the machines they buy are always compliant to standards and regulations.

Finally the various comments also include the list of harmonized standards and the different references documents giving presumption of conformity.

Various documents clarifying requirements exist. Several are written by the European Commission, various publication of notified bodies and especially the application guide of the machinery directive in its second edition. The first edition is dated December 2009. The second edition of June 2010, which incorporated comments on Annexes III to XI of the Directive and corrected some errors in the first edition of the guide.

So this Web site provides an overview and synthesis of all these official documents detailing the explanations about the requirements that apply to manufacturers of machines and the information they must provide to users.

The comparison of Directive 2006/42/EC and Directive 98/37/EC is marked in red in the text of the following for Article I: Scope.

g) partly completed machinery

text of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC modified in comparision to the Directive 98/37/EC.

The comments of the various articles of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC are made ​​after each article of the directive as follows:

Comment

As in Directive 98/37/EC which we will call "old directive", Article I defines the scope. (...)

Original Comment:

Comme dans la directive 98/37/CE que nous désignerons par « ancienne directive », l’article premier définit le champ d’application.  (...)


Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on machinery, and amending Directive 95/16/EC (recast)

Whereas

 

Article 1 :  Scope

Article 2 : Definitions

Article 3 :  Specific Directives 

Article 4 :  Market surveillance

Article 5 : Placing on the market and putting into service

Article 7 : Presumption of conformity and harmonised standards  

Article 8 :  Specific measures

Article 9 :  Specific measures to deal with potentially hazardous machinery

Article 10 : Procedure for disputing a harmonised standard

Article 11 : Safeguard clause

Article 12 : Procedures for assessing the conformity of machinery

Article 13 : Procedure for partly completed machinery

Article 14 : Notified bodies

Article 15 : Installation and use of machinery

Article 16 : CE marking

Article 17 :  Non-conformity of marking

Article 18 :  Confidentiality

Article 19 :  Cooperation between Member States

Article 20 : Legal remedies

Article 21 :  Dissemination of information

Article 22 :  Committee

Article 23 :  Penalties

Article 24 :  Amendment of Directive 95/16/EC

Article 25 :  Repeal

Article 26 : Transposition

Article 27 : Derogation

Article 28 :  Entry into force

Article 29 :  Addressees

 


Annexes

ANNEX I of machinery directive 2006/42/EC

ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS applicable for design and manufacturing of machines – general principles

Summary of ANNEX I


GENERAL PRINCIPLES

1. ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS

1.1. GENERAL REMARKS

1.1.1. Definitions

1.1.2. Principles of safety integration

1.1.3. Materials and products

1.1.4. Lighting

1.1.5 Design of machinery to facilitate its handling

1.1.6. Ergonomics

1.1.7. Operating positions

1.1.8. Seating

1.2. CONTROL SYSTEMS

1.2.1. Safety and reliability of control systems

1.2.2. Control devices

1.2.3. Starting

1.2.4. Stopping

1.2.4.1. Normal stop

1.2.4.2. Operational stop

1.2.4.3. Emergency stop

1.2.4.4. Assembly of machinery

1.2.5. Selection of control or operating modes

1.2.6. Failure of the power supply

1.3. PROTECTION AGAINST MECHANICAL HAZARDS

1.3.1. Risk of loss of stability

1.3.2. Risk of break-up during operation

1.3.3. Risks due to falling or ejected objects

1.3.4. Risks due to surfaces, edges or angles

1.3.5. Risks related to combined machinery

1.3.6. Risks related to variations in operating conditions

1.3.7. Risks related to moving parts

1.3.8.1. Moving transmission parts

1.3.8.2. Moving parts involved in the process

1.3.9. Risks of uncontrolled movements

1.4. REQUIRED CHARACTERISTICS OF GUARDS AND PROTECTIVE DEVICES

1.4.1. General requirements

1.4.2. Special requirements for guards

1.4.2.1. Fixed guards

1.4.2.2. Interlocking movable guards

1.4.2.3. Adjustable guards restricting access

1.4.3. Special requirements for protective devices

1.5. RISKS DUE TO OTHER HAZARDS

1.5.1. Electricity supply

1.5.2. Static electricity

1.5.3. Energy supply other than electricity

1.5.4. Errors of fitting

1.5.5. Extreme temperatures

1.5.6. Fire

1.5.7. Explosion

1.5.8. Noise

1.5.9. Vibrations

1.5.10. Radiation

1.5.11. External radiation

1.5.12. Laser radiation

1.5.13. Emissions of hazardous materials and substances

1.5.14. Risk of being trapped in a machine

1.5.15. Risk of slipping, tripping or falling

1.5.16. Lightning

1.6. MAINTENANCE

1.6.1. Machinery maintenance

1.6.2. Access to operating positions and servicing points

1.6.3. Isolation of energy sources

1.6.4. Operator intervention

1.6.5. Cleaning of internal parts

1.7. INFORMATION

1.7.1. Information and warnings on the machinery

1.7.1.1. Information and information devices

1.7.1.2. Warning devices

1.7.2. Warning of residual risks

1.7.3. Marking of machinery

1.7.4. Instructions

1.7.4.1. General principles for the drafting of instructions

1.7.4.2. Contents of the instructions

1.7.4.3. Sales literature

2. SUPPLEMENTARY ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF MACHINERY

2.1. FOODSTUFFS MACHINERY AND MACHINERY FOR COSMETICS OR PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS

2.1.1. General

2.1.2. Instructions

2.2. PORTABLE HAND-HELD AND/OR HAND-GUIDED MACHINERY

2.2.1. General

2.2.1.1. Instructions

2.2.2. Portable fixing and other impact machinery

2.2.2.1. General

2.2.2.2. Instructions

2.3. MACHINERY FOR WORKING WOOD AND MATERIAL WITH SIMILAR PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

3. SUPPLEMENTARY ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS TO OFFSET HAZARDS DUE TO THE MOBILITY OF MACHINERY

3.1. GENERAL

3.1.1. Definitions

3.2. WORK POSITIONS

3.2.1. Driving position

3.2.2. Seating

3.2.3. Positions for other persons

3.3. CONTROL SYSTEMS

3.3.1. Control devices

3.3.2. Starting/moving

3.3.3. Travelling function

3.3.4. Movement of pedestrian-controlled machinery

3.3.5. Control circuit failure

3.4. PROTECTION AGAINST MECHANICAL HAZARDS

3.4.1. Uncontrolled movements

3.4.2. Moving transmission parts

3.4.3. Roll-over and tip-over

3.4.4. Falling objects

3.4.5. Means of access

3.4.6. Towing devices

3.4.7. Transmission of power between self-propelled machinery (or tractor) and recipient machinery

3.5. PROTECTION AGAINST OTHER HAZARDS

3.5.1. Batteries

3.5.2. Fire

3.5.3. Emissions of hazardous substances

3.6. INFORMATION AND INDICATIONS

3.6.1. Signs, signals and warnings

3.6.2. Marking

3.6.3. Instructions

3.6.3.1. Vibrations

3.6.3.2. Multiple uses

4. SUPPLEMENTARY ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS TO OFFSET HAZARDS DUE TO LIFTING OPERATIONS

4.1. GENERAL

4.1.1. Definitions

4.1.2. Protection against mechanical hazards

4.1.2.1. Risks due to lack of stability

4.1.2.2. Machinery running on guide rails and rail tracks

4.1.2.3. Mechanical strength

4.1.2.4. Pulleys, drums, wheels, ropes and chains

4.1.2.5. Lifting accessories and their components

4.1.2.6. Control of movements

4.1.2.7. Movements of loads during handling

4.1.2.8. Machinery serving fixed landings

4.1.2.8.1. Movements of the carrier

4.1.2.8.2. Access to the carrier

4.1.2.8.3. Risks due to contact with the moving carrier

4.1.2.8.4. Risk due to the load falling off the carrier

4.1.2.8.5. Landings

4.1.3. Fitness for purpose

4.2. REQUIREMENTS FOR MACHINERY WHOSE POWER SOURCE IS OTHER THAN MANUAL EFFORT

4.2.1. Control of movements

4.2.2. Loading control

4.2.3. Installations guided by ropes

4.3. INFORMATION AND MARKINGS

4.3.1. Chains, ropes and webbing

4.3.2. Lifting accessories

4.3.3. Lifting machinery

4.4. INSTRUCTIONS

4.4.1. Lifting accessories

4.4.2. Lifting machinery

5. SUPPLEMENTARY ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR MACHINERY INTENDED FOR UNDERGROUND WORK

5.1. RISKS DUE TO LACK OF STABILITY

5.2. MOVEMENT

5.3. CONTROL DEVICES

5.4. STOPPING

5.5. FIRE

5.6. EXHAUST EMISSIONS

6. SUPPLEMENTARY ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR MACHINERY PRESENTING PARTICULAR HAZARDS DUE TO THE LIFTING OF PERSONS

6.1. GENERAL

6.1.1. Mechanical strength

6.1.2. Loading control for machinery moved by power other than human strength

6.2. CONTROL DEVICES

6.3. RISKS TO PERSONS IN OR ON THE CARRIER

6.3.1. Risks due to movements of the carrier

6.3.2. Risk of persons falling from the carrier

6.3.3. Risk due to objects falling on the carrier

6.4. MACHINERY SERVING FIXED LANDINGS

6.4.1. Risks to persons in or on the carrier

6.4.2. Controls at landings

6.4.3. Access to the carrier

6.5. MARKINGS 


 

ANNEX II : Declarations

A. EC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY OF THE MACHINERY

B. DECLARATION OF INCORPORATION OF PARTLY COMPLETED MACHINERY

ANNEX III : CE marking

ANNEX IV : Categories of machinery to which one of the procedures referred to in Article 12(3) and (4) must be applied

ANNEX V : Indicative list of the safety components referred to in Article 2(c)

ANNEX VI : Assembly instructions for partly completed machinery

ANNEX VII

A. Technical file for machinery

B. Relevant technical documentation for partly completed machinery

ANNEX VIII : Assessment of conformity with internal checks on the manufacture of machinery

ANNEX IX : EC type-examination

ANNEX X : Full quality assurance

ANNEX XI : Minimum criteria to be taken into account by Member States for the notification of bodies

ANNEX XII : Correlation table / Directive 98/37/EC | Directive 2006/42/EC